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Challenges and Opportunities in Achieving Net Zero Emissions in India UPSC NOTE

 Key Points:

  • Urgent Action Needed: Next two years crucial to combat climate change.

  • Development vs Sustainability: Current models unsustainable and contribute to emissions.

  • India's Net Zero Goal: Transition to renewable energy raises concerns.

  • Case Study: Large-Scale Solar Parks

  • Benefits: Key strategy for reducing emissions, generating clean energy.

The Urgency:

  • The next two years are crucial for saving the planet.

  • Climate change mitigation needs to be integrated with development plans.

The Challenge:

  • Current development models are unsustainable and high in emissions.

  • The impact of large-scale renewable energy on development is unclear.

The Case of Solar Parks in India:

  • They are a key part of India's net-zero strategy, but require vast areas of land.

  • Local experiences vary: benefits in some areas, land loss and income disparity in others.

  • Solar panels compete with agriculture for land and water resources.

  • Environmental impact on biodiversity needs further study.


  • Develop ownership models for renewable energy projects that benefit communities.

  • Strengthen environmental and social impact assessments.

  • Ensure fair compensation for land use through strong legal frameworks.

  • Recognize common lands under the Forest Rights Act.

  • Explore agrivoltaics: combining solar panels with agriculture.

  • Conduct research on the impact of renewables on different sectors.

  • Implement skill development programs to manage job shifts caused by the green revolution.

The Opportunity:

  • We can create a green revolution that addresses climate change and promotes development.

  • We need to anticipate and manage the potential negative impacts of renewable energy projects.

The Call to Action:

  • Seize the opportunity to build a sustainable and equitable future.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Challenges and Opportunities in Achieving Net Zero Emissions in India UPSC NOTE
Challenges and Opportunities in Achieving Net Zero Emissions in India UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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