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Dongria Kondhs Tribes UPSC NOTE

 Why in News

  • Minjali Sikaka from the Dongria Kondh tribe in the secluded village of Lakhpadar, nestled within Odisha’s Niyamgiri hill range was purportedly persuaded into surrendering as an active cadre of the banned CPI (Maoist), with the promise of being paid ₹2 lakh under the government’s surrender-cum-rehabilitation scheme for Naxalites, in the presence of Rayagada Superintendent of Police and fellow Dongria Kondh members. 

  • But she was not ready for this as it would have labelled her as Maoist and tainted her family name.

Why in News

  • Seven other villagers have faced such charges of alleged ties with the outlawed CPI (Maoist) over the past 15 to 20 years


History

  • In the early 2000s, the Odisha Mining Corporation proposed bauxite mining in Niyamgiri, a rich biodiversity forested region, to supply Vedanta group’s alumina refinery at Lanjigarh.


  • The Supreme Court’s 2013 ruling mandated that mining clearance required consent from gram sabhas, including Dongria representatives, paving the way for what could be India’s first environmental referendum. 

  • The Dongria Kondhs overwhelmingly rejected the proposal.

  • The Dongria tribes had never encountered cases related to the CPI (Maoist) until they opposed the bauxite mining plan in Niyamgiri hills

Dongria Kondhs Tribes

  • Dongria Kondh people are members of the Kondhs

    • The Khonds are the largest tribal group in the state of Odisha.

  • They are located in the Niyamgiri hills

  • Niyamgiri is a hill range spread over 250 sq.km which falls under the Rayagada and Kalahandi District in Odisha

  • The Dongria Kondh derive their name from dongar, meaning ‘hill’, and the name for themselves is Jharnia – "protector of streams"

Dongria Kondhs Tribes

  • The people of Niyamgiri use Kui language. 

    • Kui is written using Odia script


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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Dongria Kondhs Tribes UPSC NOTE
Dongria Kondhs Tribes UPSC NOTE
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