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Green Bonds UPSC NOTE

 Sovereign Green Bonds (SGrBs)

  • SGrBs are a kind of government debt that specifically funds projects attempting to accelerate India’s transition to a low carbon economy

  • Sovereign green issuance sends a powerful signal of intent around climate action and sustainable development to governments and regulators.

  • It will catalyze domestic market development and provides impetus to institutional investors.

  • It will provide benchmark pricing, liquidity and a demonstration effect for local issuers, helping to support the growth of a local market.

  • Reserve Bank of India (RBI) green lighted investments in the country’s Sovereign Green Bonds (SGrBs) by Foreign Institutional Investors (FIIS) — investors such as insurance companies, pension funds and nation-states’ sovereign wealth funds. 

  • Allowing FIIs to invest in India’s green projects widens the pool of capital available to fund the country’s ambitious 2070 net zero goals, ensuring 50% of India’s energy comes from non-fossil fuel based sources and to reduce the carbon intensity of the nation’s economy by 45%

  • SGrBs yield lower interest than conventional Government-Securities (G-Secs), and the amount foregone by a bank by investing in them is called a greenium

  • But central banks and governments the world over are encouraging financial institutions to embrace greeniums to hasten the transition to a greener future. 

  • Climate finance experts believe India would gain from allowing FIIs in green G-Secs

  • They say FIIs are also looking to diversify their pool of green investments, as there is considerable regulatory support particularly in developed countries. 



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Green Bonds UPSC NOTE
Green Bonds UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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