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Central Pollution Control Board's (CPCB) UPSC NOTE

 Why in News

  • The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has devised an action plan for prevention of illegal interstate movement of solid waste from Kerala to Tamil Nadu.

  • Following a directive from the southern bench of the National Green Tribunal (NGT), which is hearing a suo motu case against the illegal dumping of waste from Kerala near Anamalai, Tamil Nadu, the CPCB made field visits, met several stakeholders, and held high-level consultation meetings with the pollution control boards of both the States

Why illegal solid waste movement occurs

  • CPCB observed significant gaps in Kerala’s solid waste management such as limited collection of solid waste (the State’s average waste collection being only 30%), unavailability of inventory on solid waste management with the Local Self-Government Department (LSGD) and the Kerala State Pollution Control Board (SPCB), inadequate facilities for the management of solid waste, and absence of a system to monitor waste movement checks at interstate borders both on the side of Kerala and Tamil Nadu

Action Plan

  • In the action plan submitted to the NGT, the Kerala SPCB has been asked to ensure that all local bodies prepare a detailed inventory of the waste management system in their jurisdiction. 

  • To strengthen the capacity of solid waste management, the CPCB has directed Kerala’s Suchitwa Mission — the technical support group for waste management — 

    • to identify the gaps in solid waste management specifically with respect to non-recyclable wastes; 

    • prepare a detailed project report for setting up of adequate treatment and disposal facility 

  • ensure only well-equipped waste agencies are empanelled to provide services to local bodies.

  • Furthermore, the CPCB has asked the Clean Kerala Company Limited, a government agency responsible for the comprehensive management of dry wastes (both recyclable and non-recyclable), to develop adequate facilities for the management of these wastes and also obtain requisite permission from Kerala SPCB. 

  • The action plan also stresses on better management of biomedical waste and developing an online tracking system to ensure waste generators/receivers/transporters are registered

Central Pollution Control Board's (CPCB)

  • CPCB is a statutory organisation which was constituted in September, 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.

  • It was entrusted with the powers and functions under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.

  • It serves as a field formation and also provides technical services to the Ministry of Environment and Forests of the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.

  • Principal Functions of the CPCB, as spelt out in the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, and the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981

    • to promote cleanliness of streams and wells in different areas of the States by prevention, control and abatement of water pollution.

    • to improve the quality of air and to prevent, control or abate air pollution in the country.


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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Central Pollution Control Board's (CPCB) UPSC NOTE
Central Pollution Control Board's (CPCB) UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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