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Hypertension UPSC NOTE

 Hypertension - A Silent Killer:

  • It's a major risk factor for heart disease, stroke, and death, causing millions of deaths globally each year.

  • Many people are unaware they have it until complications arise.

The Problem in India:

  • Estimated 311 million adults in India have hypertension (1 in 3).

  • Low awareness, detection, and treatment rates.

  • High salt consumption is a major contributor.

A Successful Initiative - Indian Hypertension Control Initiative (IHCI):

  • Launched by the Indian government to manage hypertension.

  • Uses simple treatment protocols, reliable medication supply, and patient-centered care.

  • Shows promising results in increasing access to treatment.

What is the IHCI?

  • The programme was launched in November 2017

  • In the first year, IHCI covered 26 districts across five States — Punjab, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Telangana, and Maharashtra.

  • By December 2020, IHCI was expanded to 52 districts across ten States — Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Telangana and West Bengal.

  • The Health Ministry, the Indian Council of Medical Research, State Governments, and WHO-India began a five-year initiative to monitor and treat hypertension.

  • India has committed to a "25 by 25" goal.

    • The goal aims to reduce premature mortality due to Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) by 25% by 2025.

  • One of the nine voluntary targets includes reducing the prevalence of high blood pressure by 25% by 2025.

The Way Forward:

  • Raise awareness about hypertension and its risks.

  • Scale up successful programs like IHCI.

  • Address non-modifiable risk factors like family history and age.

  • Reduce dietary salt intake through various strategies.

  • Take multi-sectoral actions to promote healthy lifestyles.

  • Empower people with information about salt content in food.

  • Strengthen food regulations and promote healthy food choices.

  • Encourage regular blood pressure checks for everyone.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Hypertension UPSC NOTE
Hypertension UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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