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Power generation in India UPSC NOTE

 Why in News

  • The country's fossil fuel-based power generation capacity increased 2.44% to 243.22 GW in FY24 from 237.27 GW in March 2023, according to official figures.

  • There was a 10.79% rise in non-fossil fuel based capacity (renewable energy sources) addition at 190.57 gigawatt (GW) in 2023-24 over 172.01 GW in 2022-23, the government data showed.

Power generation trends in India

  • While the fossil fuel-based capacity includes power generation through coal, lignite, gas and diesel sources, the non-fossil fuel includes power generated from solar, wind and hydropower.

  • The nuclear power capacity addition rose to 8.18 GW from 6.78 GW in the last fiscal year, posting a year-on-year rise of 20.64%.

  • In FY24, India's total power generation capacity rose 6.22% to 441.97 GW over 416.06 GW, the data showed.

  • The coal-based capacity increased around 3% to 210.97 GW from 205.24 GW in the last financial year, and gas capacity rose marginally to 25.04 GW from 24.82 GW in FY23. 

  • The lignite- and diesel-based capacity were at 6.62 GW and 0.59 GW, respectively, in FY24.

  • The renewable energy sources capacity increased to 143.64 GW, up 14.76% over 125.16 GW in FY23. 

  • Hydropower capacity also increased to 46.93 GW from 46.85 GW in the last fiscal year.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Power generation in India UPSC NOTE
Power generation in India UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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