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Voting Plunge UPSC NOTE

 Decline in voter turnout

  • A stocktaking exercise on voter participation in the general election 2024 across the country reveals a significant dampening in turnout in this set of elections in comparison to the 2019 and even the 2014 general elections. 

  • There are State and regional level variations — voters in the east, northeast and many in the south typically voted higher than those in west, central and north India

  • Yet, barring some exceptions such as Telangana and Karnataka, where voter turnout registered a small increase from 62.8% to 65.7% and 68.8% to 70.6% among others, there has been a general decline in voting across States in 2024. 

  • Not only was there a dip in turnout in percentage terms, but there was also a decline in voter turnout in absolute terms in 132 of the 485 constituencies that went to polls in the first six phases

  • The high number of seats that encountered a dip in voter participation is unprecedented since the latest delimitation that was conducted prior to the 2009 general election

  • A closer look at the numbers shows that there was a significant bump in the total electorate (eligible voters above the age of 18 years) in 2014, and slight increases in 2019 and 2024. 

  • But it was only in 2024 that voter turnout dropped dramatically in many constituencies.

  • India has always enjoyed a higher degree of participation relative to other electoral democracies and a significant drop, as seen this year, is cause for concern. 

  • Voter apathy over the longer term can undermine the democratic process itself

  • People get the government they deserve when they vote, and the government they do not deserve when they do not vote



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Voting Plunge UPSC NOTE
Voting Plunge UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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