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3 phase cease fire UPSC NOTE

 What is 3 phase cease fire

  • President Joe Biden’s three-phase ceasefire plan for Gaza got a major boost on Monday with the UN Security Council (UNSC) resolution asking Israel and Hamas to accept the proposal

  • According to the Biden plan, which the U.S. President says was laid out by Israel, there would be a six-week long ceasefire in the first phase

  • Israeli troops would pull back from densely populated areas, allow more aid trucks into Gaza, and release Palestinian prisoners in exchange for 33 hostages held by Hamas

  • In the second phase, Hamas is to release the remaining hostages while Israel is expected to withdraw from the Gaza Strip

  • The third phase would see the enclave’s reconstruction


  • While the Biden administration, which backs Israel’s war on Gaza, is actively pushing for this plan, there are serious hindrances on both sides. 

  • The U.S. has repeatedly said that the proposal has the blessings of Israel, but the Benjamin Netanyahu government has not publicly endorsed the plan

  • Mr. Netanyahu was politically weakened last week when opposition politician Benny Gantz quit the unity government, leaving Prime Minister Netanyahu more dependent on his far-right allies. 

  • And the far-right parties in the ruling coalition have threatened to break the government if he accepted the ceasefire proposal

  • So the question is whether Mr. Netanyahu could place the country’s interests above his political survival

  • On the other side, Hamas demands an immediate Israeli withdrawal from Gaza’s Rafah crossing with Egypt, total freedom in choosing the Palestinian prisoners to be released and guarantees from China, Russia and Türkiye for a final agreement with Israel

  • As both sides harden their stances, truce remains elusive.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: 3 phase cease fire UPSC NOTE
3 phase cease fire UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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