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India’s current account balance surplus UPSC NOTE


  • India’s current account balance recorded a surplus of $5.7 billion (0.6% GDP) in Q4 FY24 against a deficit of $1.3 billion (0.2% GDP) a year ago as per data released by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) 

  • The merchandise trade deficit at $50.9 billion in Q4 FY24 was lower than $52.6 billion a year ago and Q4 services exports grew 4.1% year-on-year (YoY) on the back of rising software exports, travel and business services

Why the surplus

  • Net services receipts at $42.7 billion was higher than a year ago ($39.1 billion), which contributed to the current account surplus in Q4 FY24

  • Private transfer receipts, mainly representing remittances by overseas Indians was $32 billion, a rise of 11.9% YoY.

  • In the financial account, net foreign direct investment flows were $2 billion in Q4 FY24 compared with $6.4 billion a year ago.

  • Net foreign portfolio investment recorded an inflow of $11.4 billion in Q4 FY24 from a net outflow of $1.7 billion during Q4 FY23.

  • Net inflows under external commercial borrowings amounted to $2.6 billion in Q4 FY24 compared with $1.7 billion a year ago.

  • Non-resident deposits recorded a higher net inflow of $5.4 billion than $3.6 billion in Q4 FY23.

  • There was an accretion of foreign exchange reserves to the tune of $30.8 billion excluding valuation effects in Q4 FY24 compared with $5.6 billion a year ago.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: India’s current account balance surplus UPSC NOTE
India’s current account balance surplus UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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