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Reservation quotas UPSC NOTE


  • The Patna High Court struck down the Bihar government's attempt to increase reservations for backward communities, exceeding the 50% ceiling set by the judiciary.

  • The state raised reservations for Backward Classes (BC), Extremely Backward Communities (EBC), Scheduled Castes (SC), and Scheduled Tribes (ST), resulting in a total of 65% reservation.

Reasoning Behind the Judgment:

  • The court relied on the "Indra Sawhney" judgement (1992) which established a 50% ceiling on reservations.

  • The court rejected Bihar's argument of "proportionate equality" through reservations exceeding 50%.

  • The court found no "extraordinary circumstances" justifying exceeding the ceiling, despite Bihar's claims of being a backward state.

Criticisms of the Judgment:

  • The judgment is seen as rigid in its application of the 50% ceiling, neglecting the "Indra Sawhney" allowance for exceeding it in special cases.

  • The court's interpretation of "extraordinary circumstances" is considered narrow, excluding social and economic backwardness as valid reasons.

  • The judgment raises questions about the effectiveness of Bihar's caste survey data if it doesn't justify increased reservations.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Reservation quotas UPSC NOTE
Reservation quotas UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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