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Slow Progress of Kavach UPSC NOTE

 Recent accident

  • The railway accident on June 17 involving the Sealdah-bound Kanchenjunga Express and a goods train in Darjeeling, West Bengal, has once brought focus to the absence of ‘Kavach’, India’s Automatic Train Protection (ATP) system

  • Railways Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw reviewed the progress of an advanced version of the ATP Kavach 4.0 a week after the accident. 

  • He directed the installation to be taken up in “mission mode”. 

  • Data show that availability of funds is not the worry for implementing Kavach; the issue lies with the pace at which it is being deployed

Importance of Kavach

  • Kavach can warn loco pilots if the train is at risk of overshooting the signal at red

  • It also has the capability of automatically applying the brakes if the loco pilot fails to reduce the speed below a certain limit

  • The three systems needed to implement Kavach are Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags placed in the tracks; the engine setup with RFID readers, a computer, and brake interface equipment; and radio towers installed at railway stations

Slow Progress of Implementation

  • The current rate of progress of installation of Kavach is sluggish

  • Three firms were approved to supply the equipment in 2018-19. 

  • Kavach was adopted as the national ATP system in July 2020

  • Until February this year, of the 68,000 km of route length (Rkm), Kavach has only been installed only in 1,465 Rkm (close to 2% of the total)

  • Of a total of about 15,200 diesel and electric locos, only 139 are equipped with Kavach (less than 1% of the total).



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Slow Progress of Kavach UPSC NOTE
Slow Progress of Kavach UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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