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Striped caecilian (Ichthyophis spp) UPSC NOTE

 Why in news

  • A limbless amphibian has been added to the fauna in the Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve

  • Assam’s wildlife officials said a team of herpetologists recorded the striped caecilian (Ichthyophis spp) in the tiger reserve for the first time during a rapid herpetofauna survey conducted from June 14-17.

Striped caecilian (Ichthyophis spp)

  • Caecilians are limbless amphibians that spend most of their lives burrowed under soil

  • They are, therefore, the least studied of the amphibian species. 

  • As they are an ancient species, their presence holds critical linkages to evolution and intercontinental speciation

  • Ichthyophis davidi, the Chorla giant striped caecilian, is a new caecilian species of India discovered in Chorla, a village situated in the Mhadei region of India

  • It is one of the largest known limbless, yellow-striped caecilians from the Western Ghats.

Kaziranga National Park

  • It is located in the State of Assam and It is the single largest undisturbed and representative area in the Brahmaputra Valley floodplain.

  • It was declared as a National Park in 1974.

  • It has been declared a tiger reserve since 2007. 

  • It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.

  • It is recognized as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International.

  • It is the home of the world's most one-horned rhinos. 

  • Much of the focus of conservation efforts in Kaziranga are focused on the 'big four' species— Rhino, Elephant, Royal Bengal tiger and Asiatic water buffalo.

  • As per the figures of tiger census conducted in, Kaziranga had an estimated 104 tigers

  • Kaziranga is also home to 9 of the 14 species of primates found in the Indian subcontinent.

  • The National Highway 37 passes through the park area.

  • The park also has more than 250 seasonal water bodies, besides the Diphlu River running through it.


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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Striped caecilian (Ichthyophis spp) UPSC NOTE
Striped caecilian (Ichthyophis spp) UPSC NOTE
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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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