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Brahmaputra, Barak river UPSC NOTE

 Why in news

  • Eight people, died during the past 24 hours, taking the death toll in two waves of floods in Assam since May to 66

  • The authorities in 28 districts remain on high alert as the Brahmaputra, Barak, and other major rivers are flowing above the danger level. 

  • They have also been asked to provide adequate relief materials to 53,689 people across 269 relief camps


  • It originates under the name of Siang or Dihang, from the Chemayungdung glacier of the Kailash range near the Mansarovar Lake

  • Brahmaputra ranks fifth in the world in terms of average discharge.

  • The basin covers an area of around 580,000 square kilometers spanning parts of Tibet (China), India, Bhutan, and Bangladesh.

  • Known as the Yarlung Tsangpo in Tibet, flows eastward through the Himalayas and enters the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh.

  • Major tributaries include the Subansiri, Kameng, Manas, and Dhansiri rivers in India, and the Teesta River in Bangladesh

  • The Brahmaputra River joins the Ganga River in Bangladesh, forming the Padma River.

  • The Padma River then merges with the Meghna River and flows into the Bay of Bengal through the Meghna Estuary.

Barak river

  • The Barak River flows 900 kilometres through the states of Manipur, Mizoram and Assam in India. 

  • It flows into Bangladesh where it bifurcates into the Surma river and the Kushiyara river which converge again to become the Meghna river before forming the Ganges Delta.

  • Tipaimukh Dam is a proposed dam on the Barak River at Sipuikawn(Tipaimukh) in Manipur

  • Tributaries: Tuivai, Sonai (or Tuirial), Jiri, Jatinga



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Brahmaputra, Barak river UPSC NOTE
Brahmaputra, Barak river UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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