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Challenges India faces to Emerging Infectious Diseases UPSC NOTE

 Why in news

  • A recent Zika case in Pune highlights limitations in diagnosing emerging diseases.

  • India has identified Zika in multiple states, but lacks robust surveillance.

  • Similar issues were seen with Nipah virus and avian influenza outbreaks.

  • Infectious diseases are disorders caused by organisms — such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. 

  • Many organisms live in and on our bodies. 

  • They're normally harmless or even helpful. 

  • But under certain conditions, some organisms may cause disease.

Reasons for limited diagnostic capabilities:

  • Lack of approved diagnostic tests for Zika and other emerging diseases.

  • Reliance on classical symptoms and limited testing during outbreaks.

  • Delays in releasing virus genomes from outbreaks hinder test development.

  • Requirement for clinical sample validation for diagnostics slows approval.


Lessons learned from COVID-19 pandemic:

  • India successfully expanded testing infrastructure during the pandemic.

Proposed solutions for improved response:

  • Decentralize testing facilities to district and sub-district levels.

  • Develop accessible and affordable diagnostic tests for emerging diseases.

  • Establish a decentralized system for diagnostics, genomic surveillance, and data sharing.

  • Leverage the experience from COVID-19 pandemic to improve preparedness.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Challenges India faces to Emerging Infectious Diseases UPSC NOTE
Challenges India faces to Emerging Infectious Diseases UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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