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Importance of New Fabric Developed UPSC NOTE

 

  • A new fabric developed by researchers in India that can neutralize organophosphate-based pesticides

  • The fabric, developed by inStem in Bengaluru, can deactivate organophosphate pesticides upon contact.

  • Organophosphates are chemical compounds formed through the esterification process involving phosphoric acid and alcohol. 

  • These chemicals serve as primary components in herbicides, pesticides, and insecticides and have extensive application in manufacturing plastics and solvents.

  • This is an improvement over a previous gel-based solution due to better compliance (people are more likely to wear clothing than apply a gel).

  • Organophosphate pesticides inhibit an enzyme (acetylcholinesterase or AChE) crucial for nerve and muscle function.

  • The fabric uses small molecules covalently bonded to cotton to break down the pesticide molecules before they reach the skin.

  • This method is effective even after 150 washes, making it affordable and reusable.

  • Unlike physical barriers, the fabric neutralizes the pesticides through a chemical reaction.

  • Rat studies showed the fabric protected them from AChE inhibition and death caused by organophosphate exposure.

  • This fabric has the potential to prevent chronic health problems in farmers who are repeatedly exposed to pesticides.

  • Developing a single solution for various pesticides and ensuring easy fabric production were key challenges overcome by the researchers.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Importance of New Fabric Developed UPSC NOTE
Importance of New Fabric Developed UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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