Download Learnerz IAS app from the Play Store now! Download



Covaxin Patent Filing Issue UPSC NOTE

 Background on the Covaxin Patent Filing Issue:

  • Bharat Biotech International Limited (BBIL), the manufacturer of Covaxin, an indigenous coronavirus vaccine, has acknowledged an "inadvertent error" in its patent filings.

  • BBIL failed to include scientists from the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) as co-inventors in the Covaxin patent applications.

  • BBIL is one of India’s leading biotechnology companies.

Vaccine Patent Governance in India:

  • India's patent laws cover both product and process patents.

  • Product Patents: Grant an inventor monopoly over a product, such as a drug.

  • Process Patents: Prevent competitors from using the same sequence of steps to produce a similar product.

  • BBIL patented the process of manufacturing vaccines from virus strains provided by the ICMR-NIV (National Institute of Virology).

  • The ICMR-NIV specializes in extracting viruses, identifying their characteristics, and conducting tests to gauge their infectiousness.

  • Industrial-scale vaccine production requires facilities beyond the capabilities of standard labs.

  • Covaxin is an inactivated version of the coronavirus that prompts the body to produce antibodies against COVID-19. 

  • An 'adjuvant' is added to enhance the vaccine's effectiveness.

  • Vaccine makers develop unique methods for these processes to maintain a competitive edge and secure temporary market monopolies.

Patent Granting Process:

  • Companies can file for patents in multiple countries, but patents are granted only after regulatory authorities verify the novelty or inventiveness of the process.

  • BBIL has not yet been granted patents for Covaxin as of the latest public information.

Roles of BBIL and ICMR in Developing Covaxin:

  • BBIL and ICMR-NIV collaborated on all vaccine development steps, formalized through an agreement detailing their responsibilities.

  • Due to the public nature of ICMR and the COVID crisis, there were Right To Information requests to disclose the agreement. 

  • Parts were revealed in the Rajya Sabha in July 2021.

  • ICMR's roles included testing vaccines on animals and humans to ensure efficacy, funding clinical trials (₹35 crore), and incurring development costs. 

  • ICMR was to receive 5% of royalties from Covaxin sales.

  • The agreement implied joint intellectual property rights between BBIL and ICMR.

BBIL’s Distinction in Patent Rights:

  • Initially, BBIL claimed a distinction between the rights for making the vaccine and the rights over data from clinical trials.

  • BBIL argued that since ICMR didn’t invest in vaccine production, it wasn’t included in patent applications.

  • After public scrutiny, BBIL admitted the mistake and promised to amend applications to list ICMR personnel as inventors.

Importance of Being Cited as an Inventor:

  • Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) are complex, covering every aspect of the invention process.

  • Development of pharmaceutical products typically involves multiple entities, necessitating several licensing agreements.

  • Being listed as an inventor affects the sharing of IPR, royalties, and usage rights of the product.

  • Omitting inventors in patent filings, particularly in the U.S., can lead to patent application rejections.



Amritsar,1,April 2024,301,Art & Culture,1,August 2023,251,Courses,7,Daily Current Affairs,48,December 2023,189,Disaster Management,2,Environment and Ecology,193,February 2024,228,Foundation Course,1,GDP,1,GEMS Club,1,GEMS Plus,1,Geography,191,Govt Schemes,2,GS 2,1,GS1,6,GS2,68,GS3,26,GST,1,History,11,Home,3,IAS Booklist,1,Important News,71,Indian Economy,173,Indian History,10,Indian Polity,202,International Organisation,12,International Relations,143,Invasive Plant,1,January 2024,240,July 2023,281,July 2024,230,June 2022,6,June 2023,268,June 2024,324,March 2024,238,May 2022,17,May 2024,330,Mentorship,2,November 2023,169,October 2023,203,Places in News,2,Science & Technology,135,Science and Technology,95,September 2023,205,UPSC CSE,111,
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Covaxin Patent Filing Issue UPSC NOTE
Covaxin Patent Filing Issue UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy Table of Content