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French elections UPSC NOTE

 How are elections in France conducted?

  • There are 577 seats in the French parliament, which include 13 overseas districts and 11 constituencies that represent French citizens abroad. 

  • So to hold an absolute majority in parliament, a party needs 289 seats.

  • The first phase of the elections is equivalent to a qualifying round wherein candidates must at least get 12.5% of locally registered votes in order to stay in the race and not get eliminated. 

  • If a candidate gets more than half of the total votes cast in the first round itself, they will automatically win. 

  • If not, candidates who have met the qualifying criteria will move on to the second phase

  • At this stage of the elections, ‘horse-trading’ is a common practice wherein parties form blocs among themselves and drop candidates in constituencies which may split the vote and favour a rival party/alliance

Comparing with India

  • In theory, the President can appoint anyone Prime Minister; in practice, the PM must have the support of the majority in the Assembly. 

  • There are no specific provisions to appoint a PM in case of a hung house

  • There is a clear separation of powers between the National Assembly and the PM, and the President

  • The President enjoys regulatory power, and exercises control over foreign policy and defence

  • Parliament, headed by the PM, is responsible for all domestic policy decisions.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: French elections UPSC NOTE
French elections UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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