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Hurricane Beryl UPSC NOTE

 What is a hurricane season?

  • Hurricane seasons are annual periods during which tropical storms are most likely to form, fueled by strong ocean breezes, warm seas and humidity. 

  • In the Atlantic Ocean this typically lasts from June through November, peaking in the late summer.

  • The Atlantic is also home to the so-called Hurricane Alley, or Main Development Region (MDR), a stretch of warmer water spanning from West Africa to much of the Caribbean, Central America, Mexico and the southern United States

What is category 5?

  • A Category 5 is the strongest hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Scale, bringing winds of 157 mph (252 kph) or higher, capable of causing catastrophic damage including the destruction of homes and infrastructure.

  • Since 1960, only 30 Atlantic hurricanes have reached Category 5, with 2005 - the year deadly Hurricane Katrina devastated New Orleans - setting the record for the most recorded in a single season, at four.

Why is Beryl so early?

  • Hurricane Beryl is the earliest Category 5 hurricane on record in the Atlantic, according to the United Nations’ World Meteorological Organization.

  • A reason Beryl had developed so early on in the season was because the MDR is hitting its warmest ever temperatures.

  • Scientists say a streak of record temperatures in the North Atlantic since early last year would be extremely unlikely without climate change, driven by man-made fossil fuel emissions.

  • Higher water temperatures allow storms to intensify quicker, and ocean temperatures of at least 26.5°C (79.7°F) are needed to maintain a tropical cyclone. 

  • According to U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), north Caribbean coastal water temperatures are hovering around 29.4°C (85°F)



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Hurricane Beryl UPSC NOTE
Hurricane Beryl UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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