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Militant attacks in Jammu and Kashmir UPSC NOTE

 

  • Five Indian Army personnel were killed on Monday after terrorists ambushed an Army convoy in Badnota village in Jammu. 

  • The attack also came on the death anniversary of Hizbul Mujahideen operative Burhan Wani, who was killed in an encounter on July 8, 2016, in south Kashmir. 

  • On June 9, terrorists attacked a bus in Reasi district killing nine pilgrims and leaving 33 injured, the day Prime Minister Narendra Modi was being sworn in for a third term in office. 

  • This region has been quiet for over two decades now, after being a hotbed of insurgency in the late 1990s and early 2000s. 

  • This was brought under control by Operation Sarp Vinash in 2003 and subsequent support from the locals, especially the Gujjar-Bakerwal community

  • Recurring incidents of security forces being ambushed have resulted in casualties, which is unacceptable for a highly trained and professional force like the Indian Army. 

  • This calls for stricter adherence to standard operating procedures and improved operations. 

  • While the ceasefire along the Line of Control (LoC) largely holds, the uptick in terror incidents is a matter of concern — more so, the shift in violence

Factors attributed to the surge

  • A major one is the vacuum on the ground with a large number of troops deployed to the Line of Actual Control in Eastern Ladakh in the aftermath of the 2020 standoff with China. 

  • This has resulted in a gap in local intelligence

  • There is also the increased use of modern but easily available technology by terrorist groups looking to find new routes to keep the insurgency going. 

  • Botched-up security operations have also damaged the trust between the local population and the state. 

  • From foreign terrorists crossing the LoC and leading the attacks, there has been a trend now to push local militants to the forefront to give the insurgency a more home-grown face as international pressure has mounted on Pakistan. 

  • New terror groups have also come up claiming to be behind some of the attacks. 

  • Tackling the situation needs a multi-layered strategy beyond just augmenting troop levels. 

  • Quick and decisive action at the highest levels of the government, bringing in all stakeholders, is the need of the hour.


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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Militant attacks in Jammu and Kashmir UPSC NOTE
Militant attacks in Jammu and Kashmir UPSC NOTE
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