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Rural Connectivity UPSC NOTE

 Challenges

  • Even though cellular networks seem omnipresent, their deployment and use vary significantly between urban and rural areas. 

  • This is especially true in developing countries like India. 

  • According to the latest Telecom Subscription Data from the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India, urban tele-density in the country is 127% while rural tele-density is 58%

  • An important factor impeding the deployment and/or use of cellular networks in rural areas is the relatively lower income of the people here. 

  • A big chunk of the rural population finds mobile services unaffordable. 

  • Other relevant characteristics of rural areas are lower population density, populations distributed in clusters (villages) often separated by vast empty spaces, and remoteness. 

  • Taking fibre infrastructure to a far-off village, say, in the Himalayas, to connect the base station there may neither be cost-effective nor easy.

IEEE 2061-2024 standard

  • The standard defines a wireless network architecture for affordable broadband access in rural areas. 

  • Developed by IIT Bombay, it was approved on June 6 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).

  • The IEEE-2061 network also includes an Access Network (AN) and the Core Network (CN) similar to cellular networks. 

  • However, the IEEE-2061 AN is heterogenous wherein different types of base stations coexist: it includes base stations covering large coverage areas — called macro-BS — supplemented by small coverage area Wi-Fi. 

  • It is different from the 5G network, where the AN is homogeneous comprising base stations of the same type and typically smaller coverage area.


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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Rural Connectivity UPSC NOTE
Rural Connectivity UPSC NOTE
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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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