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Acoustic Side Channel Attacks UPSC NOTE


  • In August, a research paper from Durham University, U.K., revealed the potential of using Artificial Intelligence (AI) to decode passwords through Acoustic Side Channel Attacks (ASCA).

  • ASCA involves analyzing the sound of keyboard clicks to interpret keystrokes and extract sensitive information, posing a security risk.

  • ASCAs utilize keyboard sounds to leak information, and their danger is often underestimated by users.

  • With the rise of AI and deep learning, ASCAs have become more accurate and threatening.

  • ASCA attacks have been known since the 1950s, but modern technology and AI advancements have amplified the risks.

  • A recent study found that AI-enabled deep learning models achieved high accuracy in recognizing and analyzing keystrokes.

  • Changes in typing habits, using touch-based typing, and creating stronger, less predictable passwords can mitigate ASCA risks.

  • Incorporating upper- and lower-case letters and avoiding easily recognizable phrases can further enhance protection.

  • Users should be cautious while typing sensitive information, especially in public spaces, to prevent potential ASCA attacks.

Why in News

  • A one-page judgment from a Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court 42 years ago is challenging the Centre's claim regarding the "breakdown of constitutional machinery" in Jammu and Kashmir leading to President's Rule under Article 356, and subsequently, the abrogation of Article 370.

  • The case involves former Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M. Karunanidhi and was presented before a five-judge Bench, led by Chief Justice D.Y. Chandrachud, during the challenge to the repeal of Article 370.

  • The 1971 judgment concludes that if a Governor dissolves a State's Legislative Assembly and assumes its powers, the President cannot invoke Article 356 claiming "failure of constitutional machinery."

  • Senior advocate Shekhar Naphade, representing the petitioner, argues that it's "absurd" for the President to claim a "breakdown of constitutional machinery" when the State's control is with the appointed Governor.

  • The judgment in the case of Thiru K.N. Rajagopal versus M. Karunanidhi, authored by Chief Justice S.M. Sikri on March 17, 1971, establishes that dissolution of an Assembly negates the grounds for invoking Article 356.

  • In Jammu and Kashmir, the Governor dissolved the State Legislative Assembly on November 21, 2018, and President's Rule was imposed on December 19, 2018, followed by Parliament's approval on January 3, 2019, and a six-month extension in July 2019.

  • On August 5, 2019, the President issued the Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, inserting Article 367(4), replacing 'Constituent Assembly' with 'Legislative Assembly' in Article 370(3).

  • The same day, Parliament abrogated Article 370 and reorganized the State of Jammu and Kashmir.

  • Mr. Naphade highlights a "patent illegality" beneath the apparent constitutionality of the actions.

  • He argues that with the Assembly dissolved and powers with the Governor, invoking Article 356 lacks jurisdiction, making the Presidential proclamation erroneous.

  • The purpose of Article 356 is to restore normalcy, not dissolve a State; the S.R. Bommai case emphasizes that a State as a "constitutional entity" must survive Article 356.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Acoustic Side Channel Attacks UPSC NOTE
Acoustic Side Channel Attacks UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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