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Solar winds UPSC NOTE


  • Solar wind originates from the sun's outermost layer, called the solar corona.

  • It mainly consists of high-energy charged particles, such as protons and electrons, along with smaller amounts of heavier ions.

  • Solar wind particles are emitted at extremely high speeds, often reaching supersonic velocities.

  • Solar wind is a continuous and constant flow of charged particles from the sun into space.

  • It radiates outwards in all directions from the sun, permeating the entire solar system.

  • Solar wind interacts with the Earth's magnetic field, leading to phenomena like auroras (northern and southern lights) near the polar regions.

  • Since solar wind particles are charged, they are affected by magnetic fields

  • Earth's magnetic field deflects these particles towards the magnetic poles.

  • Solar wind can pose challenges to spacecraft and satellites by potentially causing electronic malfunctions and radiation damage.

  • Spacecraft, satellites, and moon-bound vessels need radiation-hardened electronics to endure solar wind effects

  • The intensity and speed of solar wind can vary due to solar activity, such as solar flares and coronal mass ejections.

  • Understanding solar wind is important for space weather forecasting and for protecting spacefaring equipment from its effects.

  • Solar wind creates a region called the heliosphere, which extends far beyond the solar system and interacts with interstellar space.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Solar winds UPSC NOTE
Solar winds UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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