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Challenges for Africa UPSC NOTE

 Africa's Multilateral Engagements:

  • Africa participates in multilateral forums like BRICS, G-20, and the United Nations General Assembly.

  • South Africa represents Africa in BRICS and G-20, despite the continent having 54 countries.

Challenges and Disruptors in Africa:

  • Africa and the Sahel region face challenges such as misgovernance, unplanned development, tribal dominance, and corruption.

  • New disruptors include Islamic terror, inter-tribal conflicts, climate change, food inflation, urbanization, and youth unemployment.

  • Foreign interventions, like those by France, the US, and Russia, sometimes worsen issues by protecting economic interests.


Return of Generals and Political Disorder:

  • Generals have regained power in countries like Egypt, Burkina Faso, Mali, and Niger due to socio-political disorder.

  • Military establishments are weak against challenges, but top brass holds political ambitions.

Challenges with Dealing with Military Takeovers:

  • African political elites struggle to counter the return of military rule.

  • Regional efforts to delegitimize and contain military regimes are less effective as such regimes increase.


Eroding International Support and Debts:

  • China's slowdown affects Africa's trade; Belt and Road Initiative leads to unsustainable debts and asset control.

  • Russia's involvement with the Wagner Group is uncertain due to internal issues.

Global Summits and Africa's Concerns:

  • 15th BRICS summit with the theme "BRICS and Africa" took place; G-20 summit with Africa focus follows.

  • United Nations General Assembly session will highlight Africa's issues.

India's Relationship with Africa:

  • India's ties with Africa are deep and diverse, including historical connections.

  • India-Africa trade reached $98 billion in 2022-23; robust investment and engagement in various sectors.

India's Opportunity and Role:

  • India can leverage its strong ties to help Africa bilaterally and in multilateral forums.

  • Hosting the G-20 Summit provides a historic opportunity; India can collaborate for comprehensive solutions.

  • India can offer innovations like JAM trinity, DBT, UPI, and Aspirational Districts Programme.

  • By providing a participative and less exploitative alternative, India can create a win-win paradigm for India-Africa cooperation.


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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Challenges for Africa UPSC NOTE
Challenges for Africa UPSC NOTE
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