Delhi Metro UPSC NOTE


  • Traffic and congestion on Delhi roads are a frequent problem for daily commuters.

  • Overcrowded metros are adding to the chaos in Delhi.

  • A UN survey predicts that Delhi will become the world's largest agglomeration by 2028.

  • Metro trains are the most popular mode of public transport for Delhi residents.

  • The Delhi metro, operational since December 2002, is facing the challenge of overcrowding, particularly during peak hours.

  • The metro network covers Delhi and the National Capital Region (NCR) and transports over 20 lakh passengers daily.

Tackle overcrowding in Metro

  • The Delhi Metro is experiencing an increasing number of passengers, leading to limited space during peak hours.

  • Solutions to address this issue include re-designing metro spaces by incorporating folding seats, double-decker metros, and wider standing areas.

  • Israel Railways has implemented standing carriages and removed regular seats and tables to alleviate overcrowding.

  • Delhi can consider adopting similar, though less extravagant, solutions to tackle congestion in morning peak-hour trains.

  • The Tokyo Metro, known as the fastest subway system globally, made news by offering free food coupons to commuters who use pre-peak hour trains for 10 consecutive days.

  • The Tozai line of the Tokyo Metro, connecting the city's business hub to the suburb of Chiba, had a congestion rate of 199% before the scheme, where 100% indicates no free seats and 200% represents significant pressure due to physical contact between passengers.

Solution for Delhi

  • The implementation of appropriate policies and public investments can attract significant private investment in the transportation sector and facilitate the development of new solutions.

  • Private sector involvement can contribute to modernizing trains, expanding and enhancing existing networks, and upgrading signaling systems and rolling stock.

  • The issue of last-mile connectivity in Delhi's public transportation system is often overlooked but requires attention.

  • Despite the presence of around 18 multi-level parking facilities in Delhi, most of them remain underutilized.

  • For example, the automated underground parking facility at Kamla Nagar, constructed in 2013, is largely empty during peak business hours.

  • Utilizing these public parking spaces more effectively would discourage on-road parking and reduce traffic congestion.

  • Metro stations already offer parking spaces to bridge the gap between people's residences and the nearest metro station.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Delhi Metro UPSC NOTE
Delhi Metro UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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