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Fragile X syndrome UPSC NOTE


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  • Fragile X syndrome is a genetic disorder caused by a mutation in the FMR1 gene located on the X chromosome.

  • The syndrome follows an X-linked dominant pattern, primarily affecting males, though females can also be carriers or exhibit milder symptoms.

  • Individuals with Fragile X syndrome may experience intellectual disabilities of varying degrees.

  • Common physical traits include a long and narrow face, large ears, flexible joints etc

  • Behavioral characteristics may include social anxiety, hyperactivity, hand-flapping, and difficulties with sensory processing.

  • Fragile X syndrome can be diagnosed through genetic testing, typically through a blood sample.

  • There is no cure for Fragile X syndrome, but early intervention and therapies can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life.

  • It is one of the most common inherited causes of intellectual disabilities, affecting both genders, but more commonly observed in males.

  • World Fragile X Awareness Day is observed on July 22nd each year to raise awareness about Fragile X syndrome and show support for affected individuals and their families.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Fragile X syndrome UPSC NOTE
Fragile X syndrome UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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