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Mushrooms and its significance UPSC NOTE


  • Nutrient-loaded mushrooms have been introduced into the midday meals in western Assam's Kokrajhar district in various forms such as soups, biscuits, fortified noodles, and powdered form mixed with regular food.

  • The inclusion of mushrooms, along with vitamin and mineral supplementation, has shown positive nutritional effects on children in schools.


  • Data from the district authorities indicates a significant reduction in the number of underweight, wasted, and anaemic children in Kokrajhar district from 2021 to 2023, with a decrease of 56%, 55%, and 76% respectively.

  • The maternal mortality rate in the district also decreased by 72.37% and stood at 89.79 per lakh live births, which is less than half of Assam's average of 205. 

  • Similarly, the infant mortality rate decreased by 30.56% to 15.97 per 1,000 live births, while the state's average is 36.


  • Mushroom is a type of fungus that belongs to the fungi kingdom.

  • It is characterized by a distinct fruiting body with a cap and stem.

  • Mushrooms have been consumed for centuries and are valued for their nutritional and medicinal properties.

  • They are rich in essential nutrients such as vitamins (including vitamin D), minerals (such as potassium, selenium, and copper), fiber, and antioxidants.

  • Mushrooms are low in calories, fat-free, and cholesterol-free, making them a healthy food choice.


  • They are a good source of protein and can be an alternative protein option for vegetarians and vegans.

  • Mushrooms are known for their umami flavor, which adds depth and richness to various dishes.

  • They come in various varieties, each with its unique taste, texture, and culinary uses. 

  • Common types include button mushrooms, shiitake mushrooms, oyster mushrooms, and portobello mushrooms.


  • Mushrooms have been used in traditional medicine for their potential health benefits. 

  • They are believed to have immune-boosting, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties.

  • Some mushrooms, such as reishi and lion's mane, have been studied for their potential in supporting brain health and cognitive function.

  • Mushroom cultivation is an environmentally sustainable practice as they can be grown using organic waste materials and do not require large land areas or extensive water resources.


  • They play a significant ecological role as decomposers, breaking down organic matter and contributing to nutrient cycling in ecosystems.

  • Mushrooms have cultural and culinary significance in various cuisines worldwide. 

  • They are used in a wide range of dishes, including soups, stir-fries, sauces, salads, and as toppings on pizzas and burgers.

  • Due to their unique flavor and texture, mushrooms can be a versatile ingredient in vegetarian and vegan cooking, providing a meaty or hearty element to dishes.


  • Some mushrooms, such as truffles, are highly prized and considered a delicacy, commanding high prices in the culinary market.

  • Mushrooms are increasingly being recognized for their potential in sustainable agriculture, biofuel production, and as natural alternatives to synthetic materials in packaging and construction.

  • Research and development in mushroom cultivation techniques and value-added products continue to expand, contributing to the growth of the mushroom industry globally.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Mushrooms and its significance UPSC NOTE
Mushrooms and its significance UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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