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Red Sea

  • The Red Sea is a seawater inlet of the Indian Ocean, lying between Africa and Asia. 

  • Its connection to the ocean is in the south, through the Bab el Mandeb strait and the Gulf of Aden. 

  • To its north lie the Sinai Peninsula, the Gulf of Aqaba, and the Gulf of Suez (leading to the Suez Canal). 

  • It is underlain by the Red Sea Rift, which is part of the Great Rift Valley.

  • It is about 2,250 km (1,400 mi) long.

  • It has an average depth of 490 m (1,610 ft), and in the central Suakin Trough it reaches its maximum depth of 3,040 m (9,970 ft).

  • The Red Sea is the world's northernmost tropical sea, and has been designated a Global 200 ecoregion.

  • It has no significant freshwater intake and is surrounded by semi-desert or desert terrain.

  • The Red Sea is one of the youngest marine zones on Earth and a geologically recent opening because of the sluggish seafloor spreading that gave it its current shape over the last 4 to 5 million years. 

  • The basin is currently growing at a rate of 1-2 centimetres per year.

  • One of the saltiest bodies of water in the world is the Red Sea, for a variety of reasons. 

    • Low precipitation and high evaporation It has a slender southern link to the Gulf of Aden, an arm of the Indian Ocean, and no large rivers or streams flow into the sea.

  • The Red Sea is a crucial commerce waterway that connects Europe and Asia (through Suez Canal).

  • Six countries border the Red Sea namely Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Sudan, Eritrea, and Djibouti.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Red Sea UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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