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Rivers in Uttarakhand UPSC NOTE


Bhagirathi River

  • The Bhagirathi is a turbulent Himalayan river in Uttarakhand.

  • One of the two headstreams of the Ganges.

  • The holy river of Hinduism. 

  • Ganga rises near Gaumukh in the Uttarkashi district of Uttarakhand, and it is known as the Bhagirathi River. 

  • The Bhagirathi joins the Alaknanda near Devprayag, when it becomes known as the Ganga.

Mandakini River

  • The Mandakini River is a tributary of the Alaknanda River in Uttarakhand.

  • The river runs for approximately 81 kilometres between the Rudraprayag and Sonprayag areas and emerges from the Chorabari Glacier.

  • The river merges with river Songanga at Sonprayag and flows past the Hindu temple Madhyamaheshwar at Ukhimath.

  • At the end of its course it drains into the Alaknanda, which flows into the Ganges.

  • The Mandakini is considered a sacred river within Uttarakhand as it runs past the Kedarnath and Madhyamaheshwar temples.

  • The Mandakini is subject to heavy rainfall, especially during monsoon season.

  • Potential for flash flooding.

  • Mandakini meets Alaknanda at Rudraprayag.

Pindar River

  • The Pindar River is a river located in Uttarakhand.

  • Pindar originates from Pindari Glacier which is located in Bageshwar district of Kumaon region in Uttarakhand.

  • Pindar river mouth is located at Karnaprayag where it ends by its confluence with Alaknanda River.


  • The Tons is the largest tributary of the Yamuna.

  • It flows through Garhwal region in Uttarakhand, touching Himachal Pradesh.

  • The Tons thrust is named after this river.

  • Source - Bandarpunch, Uttarakhand

  • Mouth - Dehradun, Uttarakhand

  • Discharge - Yamuna

  • One of the most major perennial Indian Himalayan rivers. 

  • In fact, it carries more water than the Yamuna itself, which it meets below Kalsi near Dehradun, Uttarakhand.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Rivers in Uttarakhand UPSC NOTE
Rivers in Uttarakhand UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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