False
Download Learnerz IAS app from the Play Store now! Download

$show=search/label/May%202022

 


Anti-Trust Laws In The Digital Age UPSC NOTE

 

  • Antitrust law, also known as competition law in some jurisdictions, is a set of legal principles and regulations designed to promote fair competition and prevent anticompetitive behavior in the marketplace. 

  • The primary goal of antitrust law is to protect consumers, maintain market competition, and ensure that businesses operate fairly and efficiently

  • New case involves allegations against Google, where the U.S. Department of Justice (DoJ) and several U.S. States argue that Google employed unlawful tactics to maintain a monopoly in online search.

  • Other major Internet companies like Amazon and Meta are closely monitoring the trial due to its potential impact on how antitrust issues are handled.

  • The primary charge against Google is that its "arrangements" with companies like Apple to be the default search engine on their devices constitute unlawful monopoly building.

  • The DoJ filed these charges on October 20, 2020, arguing that Google's actions stifled competition from other search engines and harmed consumers.

  • Google's default position creates a 'feedback loop' in which user preferences contribute to algorithm refinement and improved search results and advertisements.

  • Google contends that its dominance in the global search market, with a 91% share, results from providing better-quality services rather than a lack of competition.

  • It argues that consumers can choose to change the default search option, and its agreements with device manufacturers are legitimate.

  • There is evidence suggesting a deal between Apple and Google, with reports indicating a substantial financial arrangement, including payments of up to $12 billion to Apple, securing Google's position as the default search engine on Apple devices.

  • Google's willingness to pay such amounts is motivated by its heavy reliance on iPhone and iPad users for search revenue and as a precaution against Apple developing a rival search engine.

  • Google's understanding of behavioral economics plays a role, as it recognizes that most people tend not to change default options.

  • The U.S. has been relatively slow in addressing antitrust issues involving domestic tech giants, which have significant financial and lobbying resources.

  • The current case against Google could reshape how antitrust laws are applied in the tech era and challenge new business models.

  • A key aspect of antitrust law is demonstrating consumer harm due to monopolistic behavior, but Google offers its search services for free, making it challenging to prove consumer harm.

  • The U.S. Department of Justice also has another antitrust case against Google related to its dominance in online advertising.

  • Antitrust cases can profoundly transform entire economic sectors and have global implications.

  • The last major antitrust case took place over two decades ago, involving Microsoft, which held a near-total monopoly over operating systems for personal computers.

  • In 1995, during the rise of the Internet, Microsoft's bundling of Internet Explorer with its Windows OS led to antitrust action.

  • The resulting deal in 2001 required Microsoft to maintain a more open Windows environment, although opinions on its effectiveness vary.

  • Critics argue that it didn't significantly diminish Microsoft's monopoly, while others believe it prevented Microsoft from crushing smaller tech companies, including Google, which emerged in 1998.

COMMENTS

Name

Amritsar,1,April 2024,301,Art & Culture,1,August 2023,251,Courses,7,Daily Current Affairs,48,December 2023,189,Disaster Management,2,Environment and Ecology,193,February 2024,228,Foundation Course,1,GDP,1,GEMS Club,1,GEMS Plus,1,Geography,191,Govt Schemes,2,GS 2,1,GS1,6,GS2,68,GS3,26,GST,1,History,11,Home,3,IAS Booklist,1,Important News,71,Indian Economy,173,Indian History,10,Indian Polity,202,International Organisation,12,International Relations,143,Invasive Plant,1,January 2024,240,July 2023,281,July 2024,230,June 2022,6,June 2023,268,June 2024,324,March 2024,238,May 2022,17,May 2024,330,Mentorship,2,November 2023,169,October 2023,203,Places in News,2,Science & Technology,135,Science and Technology,95,September 2023,205,UPSC CSE,111,
ltr
item
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Anti-Trust Laws In The Digital Age UPSC NOTE
Anti-Trust Laws In The Digital Age UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
https://www.learnerz.in/2023/09/anti-trust-laws-in-digital-age-upsc-note.html
https://www.learnerz.in/
https://www.learnerz.in/
https://www.learnerz.in/2023/09/anti-trust-laws-in-digital-age-upsc-note.html
true
4761292069385420868
UTF-8
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy Table of Content