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Cannabis Legalization in Himachal Pradesh UPSC NOTE

 

  • The Himachal Pradesh government is considering legalizing cannabis (hemp) cultivation in the state, potentially providing an economic boost.

  • A committee, including lawmakers, recommended the cultivation of cannabis for non-narcotic purposes, such as medicinal, industrial, and scientific use.

Social Concerns:

  • There are concerns about the impact on adolescents and youth, potential abuse, a strengthening nexus between illegal producers and suppliers, pilferage risks, and the occurrence of amotivational syndrome.

Hemp Definition:

  • Hemp refers to specific Cannabis sativa cultivars grown for industrial or medicinal purposes

  • Its cultivation is currently illegal under the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (NDPS) Act, 1985.

  • The state cabinet's approval is pending, after which a policy for cannabis cultivation will be framed, considering the provisions of the NDPS Act, 1985, and NDPS Rules, 1989.

Revenue Generation:

  • The government aims to use the policy to tap into the medicinal properties of cannabis for patient treatment and generate revenue through hemp-based products.

Support for Farmers:

  • Legalizing cannabis cultivation is seen as supporting farmers who have long demanded the ban on cultivation to be lifted.

  • The NDPS Act prohibits the extraction of resin and flowers from the cannabis plant

  • However, it allows states to make rules for cannabis cultivation, production, possession, transport, and use for specific purposes.

  • In 2017, Uttarakhand became the first state in India to legalize cannabis cultivation.

Concerns Raised:

  • A study noted that approximately 95% of drug addicts in Himachal Pradesh use cannabis and its byproducts. 

  • Concerns include potential addiction among youth and a nexus between illegal producers, suppliers, and politicians.

Psychiatric Effects:

  • Cannabis use is known to cause psychiatric symptoms, including temporary and potentially permanent effects, as well as amotivational syndrome.

Support for Legalization:

  • Some argue that the war on drugs has led to the creation of a dangerous drug mafia and human rights violations, making legalization a more practical approach.

  • Cannabis has multiple uses, including phytoremediation, fiber-cloth manufacturing, medicinal applications, and use in the pulp and paper industry.

  • Despite its recreational use as 'charas' and 'ganja,' proponents highlight the positive aspects of this versatile plant.

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Cannabis Legalization in Himachal Pradesh UPSC NOTE
Cannabis Legalization in Himachal Pradesh UPSC NOTE
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