Ephemeral Plants UPSC NOTE

 What are Ephemerals?

  •  Plant that has several life cycles in a growing season and can increase in numbers rapidly. In addition to these plants, wait throughout the year to bloom only during the monsoon.

Two Types of Ephemerals,

  • Annual Ephemerals - Forms new individuals every year and are seen for a very short period. 

  • They form seeds at the end of their life cycle, remaining dormant till the next year.

  • Perennial Ephemerals - have a source like a tuber or a bulb in the soil, so it is the same individual, but the other parts (stem, flowers) are newly formed. 

 Blooming period of Ephemerals,

  •  Monsoon ephemerals bloom towards the end of May and throughout June, July, August, and September.

Role of Ephemeral flowers,

  • The primary job of these flowers is to act as an important source of Nectar and Pollen for native pollinators. 

  • Their presence in all micro habitats on a plateau ensures the appropriate presence of Soil and Water.

Names of some important Ephemeral flowers.

  • Monsoon brings - Nervilia and Eulophia (Orchids), lilies (crinum lily, pancratium lily, grass lily, star lily), wild yam (suran), and Indian squill.

  • In the Late Monsoon - Ground orchids (Habenaria and Peristylus), several types of balsams, hill meadow rue, Dipcadi species, spider-flowers (Corynandra), pond-weeds (Aponogeton), lantern flowers (Ceropegia), bladderworts (Utricularia), pipeworts (Eriocaulon), and species of grasses.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Ephemeral Plants UPSC NOTE
Ephemeral Plants UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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