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  • IBSA means -  India , Brazil and South Africa.

  • Its trilateral, developmental initiative o promote south – south cooperation and exchange.

  • The Idea of South - South cooperation has history of decades of efforts by countries and grouping like Bandung conference 1955, Non-Aligned Movement 1961, G77 grouping, UNCTAD, the Buenos Aires Plan of Action 1978, and the 2009 Nairobi declaration.

  • The official name is IBSA dialogue forum, the foreign ministers of 3 countries met in brazil on 2003 and issued Brazilia Declaration.

  • IBSA does not have a headquarters or a permanent executive secretariat.

Objectives of IBSA.

  • To alleviate poverty and hunger in nations of the South;

  • To develop best practices in the fight against poverty and hunger by facilitating the execution of replicable and scalable projects in interested countries of the global south;

  • To pioneer and lead by example the South-South cooperation agenda;

  • To build new partnerships for development.

India’s various efforts to strengthen Global South

  • South - South cooperation is a technology cooperation, tries to interact and exchange knowledge, skills, and successful initiatives in a variety of fields. 

  • It is a mechanism used by countries and international organizations to foster collaboration among developing countries in the Global South.

  • As developing countries gained independence in 1950 and 1960s, they sought to promote their common interests. 

  • They wished to establish new international economic relations.

  • The 1955 Bandung Conference in Indonesia is considered a milestone for South - South cooperation.

  • India succeeded in incorporating the mechanism of South South cooperation in the 2011 Istanbul Program of Action for LDCs.

  • India took the initiative for South South cooperation as the North-South Dialogue could not succeed.

  • India played a leading role in Non-Aligned Movement conferences. It aimed to promote cooperation among developing countries.

  • The triangular collaboration comprises a developed nation that supports South South efforts.

  • A country is classified as North or South based on economic characteristics and the quality of life of its people, not on its geographical position.

  • Developing countries have many commonalities due to their shared colonial past. 

  • This includes poor infrastructure, illiteracy, poverty, etc. This brings them together to cooperate and find solutions.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: IBSA Meets UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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