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Bihar Caste Survey UPSC NOTE


  • The Bihar legislature unanimously passed a resolution agreeing to a caste census.

  • On October 2, the Bihar government published the ‘Bihar Caste-based Survey 2022’.

  • The Bihar government in June,2022 issued notification for conducting a caste survey on its own.

What’s in the report

  • The survey shows that the EBCs with 112 castes comprise the largest chunk of the population.

  • EBCs with 112 castes comprise 36.01% share of population.

  • OBCs are the second largest contingent of the population.

  • The Yadavs, with a 14.26% share, is the dominant caste in the OBC group.

  • The SC population is pegged at 19.65% .

  • The general unreserved population is 15.52%.

Will the report lead to an increase in the reservation

  • Yes, the reservation quota will be increased in the State as per the population proportion as per the survey.

  • The census report is likely to pave the way for the political demand for doing away with the 50% ceiling on reservation imposed by the Supreme Court.

  • Political experts believe that the caste survey report would weaken “hindutva forces”.

  • The survey report has triggered a national debate over caste composition and its share

Will this lead to more welfare schemes? 

  • The survey report would definitely force political parties to announce and initiate more welfare schemes for the poor and marginalized sections of society.

  • The government is yet to release the socio-economic profile of the people surveyed.

  • Chief Minister Nitish Kumar who had carved out the EBCs from OBCs under his ‘social engineering plan’ to remain in power.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Bihar Caste Survey UPSC NOTE
Bihar Caste Survey UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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