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Dam Safety Act UPSC NOTE


  • The Dam Safety Act, 2021 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted to provide for the safety of dams in India. 

  • The Act establishes a National Dam Safety Authority (NDSA) to oversee the safety of dams in the country. 

  • The NDSA is responsible for formulating and enforcing dam safety standards, inspecting dams, and investigating dam failures.

  • The Act also establishes State Dam Safety Authorities (SDSAs) in each state

  • The SDSAs are responsible for implementing the dam safety standards formulated by the NDSA and for inspecting dams in states

  • The Act requires dam owners to prepare dam safety plans and to submit them to the SDSAs for approval. The dam safety plans must include information on the design, construction, operation, and maintenance of the dam.

  • The Act also requires dam owners to monitor the dams and to report any incidents or potential hazards to the SDSAs

  • The Dam Safety Act is an important step towards ensuring the safety of dams in India. The Act provides a comprehensive framework for dam safety management and will help to prevent dam failures in the future.

How is dam safety undertaken? 

  • Surveillance and monitoring: Dams are continuously monitored for any signs of distress or potential problems

  • Emergency preparedness: Emergency plans are in place to dam failures. These plans include procedures for evacuating people from downstream areas, as well as measures to mitigate the effects of a dam failure.

  • Dam safety review: Dams are periodically reviewed by independent experts to assess their safety. 

How is dam safety undertaken? 

  • Design and construction: Dams are constructed using sound engineering principles and with adequate safety factors. This includes taking into account all potential hazards, such as earthquakes, floods, and landslides.

  • Operation and maintenance: Dams are operated and maintained in a safe manner in accordance with established procedures. This includes regular inspections and monitoring of the dam and its appurtenant structures, as well as prompt repairs of any defects.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Dam Safety Act UPSC NOTE
Dam Safety Act UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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