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Health care in India UPSC NOTE

 Challenges with healthcare in India

Unequal access to healthcare: India has a two-tier healthcare system, with a public sector that provides free or subsidized care to the poor and a private sector that provides high-quality care at a premium. This means that many Indians, especially those living in rural areas, do not have access to quality healthcare.

Shortage of healthcare workers: India has a severe shortage of healthcare workers, including doctors, nurses, and other skilled professionals. This is especially acute in rural areas, where there is only one doctor for every 10,000 people.

Challenges with healthcare in India

Poor infrastructure: India's healthcare infrastructure is inadequate and poorly maintained. Many hospitals and clinics are overcrowded and lack basic equipment and supplies.

High cost of healthcare: The cost of healthcare is rising rapidly in India, making it unaffordable for many people. This is especially true for expensive treatments such as cancer and heart disease.

Low health insurance penetration: Only a small percentage of Indians have health insurance, which means that they have to pay out of pocket for medical expenses. This can be a financial burden for many families.

Challenges with healthcare in India

In addition to these challenges, 

  • India is also facing a growing burden of non-communicable diseases.

  • NCDs are now the leading cause of death in India, and they are putting a strain on the country's healthcare system.

  • The Government of India is taking steps to address the challenges in the healthcare sector,

Government has launched initiatives like

  1. National Health Mission 

  2. Ayushman Bharat Yojana. 

  3. Government investment in healthcare infrastructure .

  4. Training more healthcare workers.

The importance of palliative care

  • Palliative care is an approach that improves the quality of life of patients and their families.

  • Palliative care is important because it can help people with life-threatening illnesses to live as well as possible for as long as possible

Challenges in Palliative care.

  • Lack of awareness and understanding of palliative care among patients, families, and healthcare providers

  • Limited access to palliative care services, especially in rural and underserved areas

  • Funding constraints

  • Lack of integration of palliative care into other healthcare services

  • Stigma associated with palliative care, particularly in some cultures



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Health care in India UPSC NOTE
Health care in India UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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