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Waste Management UPSC NOTE

 Waste management challenges in Bengaluru

  • Currently, the city generates approximately 5,000 tonnes per day (TPD) of waste.

  • Which is expected to rise to around 6,000 TPD .

  • The existing waste processing capacity in Bengaluru stands at about 2,000 TPD.

  • This includes small-scale decentralised ward-level waste processing facilities, leaving roughly 3,000 TPD of waste to be disposed of in landfill quarries without processing.

  • It is due to this capacity shortfall that Bengaluru has made the decision to identify locations for four additional waste-processing facilities outside the city.

Waste management challenges in Bengaluru

  • Waste-processing sites set up by the Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) such as at Kudlu, Mavallipura, Mandur, Lingadeeranahalli, Kannahalli, and Seegehalli.

  • These sites are encountered strong opposition rooted largely in the inefficient operations at these plants. 

  • The plants have indeed consistently received more waste than their designed capacities and have operated at less than 50% efficiency

  • This excess quantity of material in the process has resulted in leachate and odour issues, affecting the environs and livelihoods of nearby people.

Waste management challenges in Bengaluru

  • The new waste-processing facilities should ideally have the capacity to process 1,000 TPD.

  • The technology of choice should be the composting of fresh waste, which is also suitable to the weather conditions of Bengaluru. 

  • About 60% of the waste is biodegradable wet waste, some 25% is dry waste (including plastics and other recyclable materials), and the remaining 15% consists of inert materials, such as silt and stones..

Sustainability and Efficiency

  • Government investment of ₹450 crore to set up seven composting facilities of 150-300 TPD capacity each in 2014.

  • This will convert these wet-waste-processing facilities into dry-waste management facilities.

  • These converted plants can dry waste generated in the city, thus reducing the transportation cost for the BBMP by 20%. 

  • This approach could also ensure that the proposed new plants can operate at 80-85% capacity, which is a more feasible utilization rate.

Sustainability and Efficiency

  • New waste processing facilities will attract opposition and cost the government to transport waste to distant sites. 

  • It is necessary to increase the waste-processing capacity of Bengaluru in order to comply with municipal solid waste management rules and the NGT guidelines.

 


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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Waste Management UPSC NOTE
Waste Management UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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