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India – EU Naval Exercise UPSC NOTE

 Naval exercise by India and the EU

  • On October 24, 2023, the EU and India conducted their first joint naval exercise in the Gulf of Guinea. 

  • The exercise, called VARUNA-GUINEA, was aimed at reinforcing naval maritime security cooperation in support of the region.

  • The exercise involved ships from three EU member states (France, Spain, and Italy) and the Indian Navy

  • The ships conducted a variety of exercises, including tactical maneuvers, boarding exercises, and knowledge sharing sessions.

  • The exercise also demonstrates the shared commitment of the EU and India to ensuring maritime security in the Gulf of Guinea.

  •  This region that is increasingly facing maritime security challenges, such as piracy and armed robbery at sea.

  • The exercise is also a sign of the growing strategic relationship between the EU and India. 

  • The two sides have been cooperating more closely on a range of issues, including maritime security, trade, and investment. 

Gulf of Guinea 

  • The Gulf of Guinea is the north eastern most part of the tropical Atlantic Ocean.

  • From Cape Lopez in Gabon, north and west to Cape Palmas in Liberia. 

  • It covers an area of about 2.35 million square kilometers.

  • The Gulf of Guinea is home to  important maritime shipping routes, as well as rich natural resources, including oil, gas, and minerals. 

  • It is also a region of great biodiversity, with a wide range of marine and terrestrial ecosystems.

  • The Gulf of Guinea is facing challenges, including maritime insecurity, climate change, and pollution.


INS Sumedha

  • INS Sumedha is a Saryu-class naval offshore patrol vessel (NOPV) of the Indian Navy. 

  • It was commissioned on 16 December 2022

  • INS Sumedha is the third ship of the Saryu class, 

  • Saryu class is a series of indigenously designed and manufactured NOPVs.

Its a versatile ship that can be deployed for a variety of roles,

  1. Maritime security and surveillance

  2. Offshore patrol

  3. Search and rescue

  4. Humanitarian assistance and disaster relief

INS Sumedha

This vessal is  equipped with a variety of sensors and weapons, 

  1. 76 mm gun

  2. Two 30 mm guns

  3. Missile launcher

  4. Helicopter deck

  5. Variety of electronic warfare systems

  • INS Sumedha is a valuable asset to the Indian Navy and plays an important role in safeguarding India's maritime interests.


  • What is Saryu Class
    All four ships of the Saryu class were built by Goa Shipyard Limited in India. 

  • They were commissioned into the Indian Navy between 2013 and 2022.

  • The Saryu-class ships are versatile vessels that can be deployed for a variety of roles, including maritime security and surveillance, offshore patrol, search and rescue, and humanitarian assistance and disaster relief. 

Other Ships under Saryu Class.

INS Saryu (P54) , INS Sumedha (P58)
INS Sumitra (P59), INS Sunayna (P57)

INS Sarayu

INS Sumithra

What is Saryu Class
They are also equipped to undertake anti-submarine and anti-surface warfare operations. 

ITS Foscari

FS Ventose

INS Sunanya

Tornado 

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: India – EU Naval Exercise UPSC NOTE
India – EU Naval Exercise UPSC NOTE
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