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 Why in News

Efforts are being made to expand the cultivation of GI-tagged Onattukara sesame in Alappuzha district of Kerala.

Onattukara sesame

  • Onattukara sesame is a unique variety of sesame seeds native to the Onattukara region in Alappuzha district.

  •  It is renowned for its distinct flavor, aroma, and high nutritional value

  • In 2023, Onattukara sesame received the prestigious GI tag, recognizing its unique characteristics and origin.

Characteristics of Onattukara Sesame:

  • Distinct Flavor: Onattukara sesame possesses a rich, nutty flavor with a hint of bitterness, making it a prized ingredient in various culinary preparations.

  • Enhanced Aroma: The seeds exude a strong, earthy aroma that intensifies when roasted, adding depth and complexity to dishes.

  • High Nutritional Value: Onattukara sesame is a rich source of essential nutrients, including protein, healthy fats, dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals. It is particularly high in vitamin E, an antioxidant that protects cells from damage.

  • Medicinal Properties: Traditional Ayurvedic practitioners in the region have long utilized Onattukara sesame oil for its medicinal properties, particularly in treating rheumatism and skin conditions.

GI Tag Means

  • A geographical indication (GI) is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin.

  • It possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin. 

  • In other words, a GI is a name or sign that identifies a product as originating in a particular place, where a given quality, essentially attributable to its geographic origin. 

  • GIs protect consumers from being misled about the origin of products and also help to promote the production of high-quality products

  • The World Trade Organization (WTO) also has an agreement on the protection of GIs. 

  • The TRIPS Agreement requires WTO members to provide effective protection for GIs

  • This means that WTO members must take steps to prevent the unauthorized use of GIs and to provide remedies for infringement.

GI products in Kerala

  1. Aranmula Kannadi (Handicraft)

  2. Alleppey Coir (Handicraft)

  3. Navara Rice (Agricultural

  4. Palakkadan Matta Rice (Agricultural)

  5. Malabar Pepper (Agricultural):

  6. Monsooned Malabar Arabica Coffee 

  7. Monsooned Malabar Robusta Coffee Alleppey

  8. Green Cardamom (Agricultural): 

  9. Maddalam of Palakkad (Handicraft): 

  10. Screw Pine Craft of Kerala (Handicraft):

  11. Brass Broidered Coconut Shell Crafts of Kerala

  12. Pokkali Rice (Agricultural): 

  13. Vazhakulam Pineapple (Agricultural):



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: GI Tag UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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