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India - Bhutan Relation UPSC NOTE

 Why in News

  • Recently Bhutan and China made some moves to clear their border disputes and its impacts on India.

  • Narendra Modi meeting Bhutanese King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck in New Delhi on Monday.

India - Bhutan Relation

  • India and Bhutan share a unique and special bilateral relationship.

  • Its characterized by utmost trust, goodwill, and mutual understanding. 

  • The two countries have a long history of close ties dating back to the 7th century.

  • The relationship is governed by the Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation signed in 1949 and revised in 2007.

  • India is Bhutan's largest development partner and trading partner. 

  • India has provided Bhutan with significant financial assistance for its development projects, including hydropower, education, and healthcare. 

  • India is also Bhutan's primary source of imports and exports.

  • The two countries have close cooperation in the security and defense spheres. 

New routes of regional connectivity

  • India government give its assistance for Bhutan’s 12th Five-Year plan, (2018-2023) that ended on October 31 this year.

  • India reiterated its commitment to support the new 13th Five-Year Plan as well in Bhutan.

  • India and Bhutan agreed to designate the Darranga-Samdrup Jongkhar border crossing between Assam and Bhutan’s less developed-South Eastern district as an immigration check post.

  • The two sides agreed to strengthen trade infrastructure with the upgrade of an existing land customs station at Dadgiri (Assam). 

  • Bangladesh is expected to help raise Bhutanese opportunities for trade and travel, and bring in much-needed tourism revenues for the neighbouring country. 

  • The Bhutanese King’s plans for Gelephu and the special economic zone, which he had first discussed with Mr. Modi during a visit in April 2023, is targeted at increasing opportunities for work and tourism in Bhutan.

India -  Bhutan Relation

Gelephu and Kokrajhar location

Samtse location
  • Samtse is a town and Samtse District in Bhutan. 

  • The population of the town was 5,396 as of 2017. 

  • The population of the Samtse district was 60,100 at the 2005 census. 

  • Samtse is close to the Bhutan–India border.

  •  Across the border is the Indian town of Chamurchi.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: India - Bhutan Relation UPSC NOTE
India - Bhutan Relation UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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