Security Policy - Israel UPSC NOTE

 Israel's security policy, on military superiority and similarities with India's approach to Pakistan

  • Israel’s prevailing security policy has collapsed.

  • The unspeakable horrors of October 7, 2023 have prompted a visceral retaliation in Gaza.

  • That brings risks of escalation on other fronts, and the unprecedented suffering of innocent civilians that will ricochet through generations

  • The catastrophe should prompt a fundamental rethink of Israel’s strategic concepts — and carries dire warnings for India, too.

  • Every couple of years, starting in 2008, Israel launched limited air campaigns into Gaza.

  • This is to degrade the military capabilities — from rocket launchers to tunnels — of Hamas and other militants. 

  • Every couple of years, it would kill and destroy just enough of Hamas’s people and power to keep the rockets silenced, and the threat contained.

  • Israel was managing, not seeking to solve, the problem of Palestinian resistance, from which its terrorist enemies sprouted.

  • The government of Israel Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu(BN) abandoned the two-state solution and actively undermined it. 

  • BNs cynical ploy was to sabotage politics, by strengthening extremists such as Hamas

  • This is at the expense of more credible and popular Palestinian forces, especially the Palestinian Authority (PA) that nominally ran the West Bank. 

  • Mr. Netanyahu sought to keep the Palestinians hopelessly divided, the PA weak, and to thereby stall the political process for addressing the Israel-Palestine dispute. And he succeeded.

  • Israel’s strategic concept of periodic attrition only ever addressed Palestinian groups’ capabilities, never their political intent.

  • It was based on an assumption of unassailable Israeli power — a belief that operational superiority alone can deliver strategic effects.

  • Hamas poses no existential threat to Israel

  • The Narendra Modi government has treated Pakistan as little more than an irritant to an unstoppably rising India. 

  • In defence matters, this has included some commendable efforts. 

  • Facing a more urgent threat on the China border, in 2021 India resuscitated the Line of Control ceasefire.

  • It re-tasked a dedicated Pakistan-facing Strike Corps to the China border

  • More could be done to right-size the military’s focus on Pakistan, which, for decades, has been a sink of resources and military attention.

  • India was also seduced by the cult of operational superiority. 

  • India has procured new technologies such as the SPICE (Smart, Precise Impact, Cost-Effective) missiles, adopted new punitive attack options such as in Balakot.

  • May even be involved in the mysterious assassinations of several anti-India terrorist leaders in Pakistan. 

  • All of these impressive capabilities are products of India’s closer relationship with Israel

  • They make India stronger; but by themselves they only enable successful tactics, not effective strategy.

  • India has rejected the notion of addressing the threat politically



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Security Policy - Israel UPSC NOTE
Security Policy - Israel UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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