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Zika Virus UPSC NOTE

 Why in News

  • Five Karnataka villages come under surveillance after Zika virus outbreak.

  • The Karnataka Health Department, which is closely monitoring the situation in Chickballapur after a mosquito pool in Thalakayalbetta village of the district was found to be positive for Zika

Zika Virus

  • Zika virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that can cause Zika fever. 

  • Zika fever is a usually mild illness with symptoms such as fever, rash, muscle and joint pain, conjunctivitis (red eyes), headache, and malaise. 

  • Most people with Zika virus infection do not develop symptoms.

  • Zika virus is transmitted to humans primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito.

  • Aedes mosquitoes are also the same mosquitoes that transmit dengue fever, chikungunya, and yellow fever.

  • Zika virus can also be transmitted through sexual contact with an infected person, from a pregnant woman to her fetus, and through blood transfusion.

  • Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause serious birth defects.

  • Zika virus was first identified in 1947 in a rhesus monkey in the Zika Forest of Uganda. 

  • The first human case of Zika virus infection was reported in 1952 in Nigeria

  • The first report of Zika virus infection in India was in Nov 2016, Ahmedabad, Gujarat. 

  • There is currently no licensed vaccine for Zika virus infection.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Zika Virus UPSC NOTE
Zika Virus UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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