Download Learnerz IAS app from the Play Store now! Download



Colombo Security Conclave UPSC NOTE

 What is Colombo Security Conclave(CSC)

  • The CSC reviewed the developments and progress made in the last year and agreed upon a road map for the year 2024 to promote a safe, secure, and stable Indian Ocean. 

  • The meeting also included member-states, Mauritius and Sri Lanka, and observer-states, Bangladesh and Seychelles

  • The Maldives, now under a new dispensation, was the only member-state that was absent, underscoring the impact of domestic politics over regional collaboration. 

  • It is imperative for India to continue pushing for a proactive CSC to address the challenges in the Indian Ocean.

Changing dynamics

  • The CSC underscores the evolving dynamics of the Indian Ocean

  • The organisation came into its own in 2011, with Sri Lanka joining India and the Maldives for a trilateral maritime security grouping but came to a standstill after 2014 due to rising tensions between India and the Maldives. 

  • In 2020, India not only pushed for the revival and institutionalisation of the organisation but also expressed interest in expanding the CSC to Mauritius, the Seychelles, and Bangladesh

  • The push for the CSC demonstrates India’s evolving strategic vision for the Indian Ocean. 

  • The Indian Ocean is at the heart of an evolving multipolar world today, with extra-regional powers competing to make inroads in the region.

  • This competition will further increase as the Indo-Pacific’s importance grows.

  • For India, a traditional power in the region, the CSC offers an opportunity to strengthen its leadership and security architecture

  • India has played an increasing role in promoting security in the Indian Ocean

  • The lack of capacity of island nations to secure the seas and counter transnational threats has continued to motivate India to assist them in

defence and security-related capacity building, infrastructure development, and equipment provision

  • India has also played a vital role as the first responder in the region, be it to avert coups or to offer humanitarian and economic assistance during COVID-19 and multi-faceted crises. 

  • The CSC offers India an opportunity to institutionalise its role, shape the regional security architecture, and better address the existing and emerging threats.

A revival that is linked to the China factor

  • China is another crucial reason for the revival of CSC. 

  • Since the early 2000s, Beijing has invested substantively in the Indian Ocean with its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) projects, helping it access the Indian Ocean. 

  • Beijing’s outreach to the Indian Ocean is to control the crucial sea lines of communication and trade and to limit India’s influence and presence

  • China is not only strengthening its naval capabilities; it also maintains strong defence relationships with states in the Indian Ocean

region and also conducts regular maritime exercises in the Ocean

  • It has established a base in Djibouti and controls Sri Lanka’s Hambantota port

  • Finally, it also wants to counter the prevailing security architecture in the Indian Ocean by institutionalising its presence through platforms such as the Indian Ocean Region Forum on Development Cooperation.

  • Despite expressing concerns about some of these developments, India realises that many regional countries do not necessarily consider China a threat. 

The influence of politics

  • Yet, the CSC, as a young institution, remains vulnerable to domestic political changes in its member-states. 

  • The Maldives’s absence from the recent meeting is an example of this vulnerability

  • Two reasons would have likely contributed to its decision: first, to prefer a close relationship with China, or second, to live up to the expectations of the nationalist campaign that have pledged to distance the Maldives from India on defence cooperation. 

  • But, this use of nationalist and pro-China cards is not exclusive to the Maldives

  • All the members of the CSC are democracies, and these countries play and will continue to use both the cards for their domestic and external benefits as the Indo-Pacific region grows in prominence. 

  • For New Delhi, whose ambitions, responsibilities, and threats have increased significantly in the last decade, the CSC will remain an important instrument to help it consolidate its regional leadership.



Amritsar,1,April 2024,301,Art & Culture,1,August 2023,251,Courses,7,Daily Current Affairs,48,December 2023,189,Disaster Management,2,Environment and Ecology,184,February 2024,228,Foundation Course,1,GDP,1,GEMS Club,1,GEMS Plus,1,Geography,188,Govt Schemes,2,GS 2,1,GS1,6,GS2,61,GS3,23,GST,1,History,10,Home,3,IAS Booklist,1,Important News,71,Indian Economy,164,Indian History,8,Indian Polity,183,International Organisation,12,International Relations,140,Invasive Plant,1,January 2024,240,July 2023,281,July 2024,159,June 2022,6,June 2023,268,June 2024,324,March 2024,238,May 2022,17,May 2024,330,Mentorship,2,November 2023,169,October 2023,203,Places in News,2,Science & Technology,121,Science and Technology,93,September 2023,205,UPSC CSE,111,
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Colombo Security Conclave UPSC NOTE
Colombo Security Conclave UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy Table of Content