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Web Browsers UPSC NOTE

 What are web browsers?

  • The browser is an application that people use to send and receive messages via the internet

  • In other words, the browser is a program that runs on your device, with its purpose being to fetch information in different formats from the internet and show it on the device

  • It also does the reverse, receiving your input (say, a click), translating it to code, and transmitting it to some other machine across the internet.

History of browsers?

  • In the early 1990s, the internet was a fledgling entity, largely text-based and navigated through little pieces of code typed out and transmitted to machines somewhere else, waiting for them to respond. 

  • Then, in 1990, the English computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee introduced the concept of the World Wide Web

  • It came the first web browser, also named ‘WorldWideWeb’. 

  • It didn’t just display web pages; it also allowed users to edit them.

  • The next watershed moment was the debut of the Mosaic browser in 1993

  • Developed by a team at the U.S. National Center for Supercomputing Applications, it introduced the concept of displaying images alongside text.

  • This is when the internet became visually engaging. 

  • Netscape Navigator burst onto the scene a year later and rapidly became the most popular browser of its time

  • It brought feature innovations like bookmarks and a user-friendly URL bar, simplifying navigation and making the web more accessible.

  • Then, the late 1990s Microsoft’s Internet Explorer (IE) and Netscape Navigator were the primary contenders. 

  • This competition spurred rapid innovation, with each browser striving to outperform the other in terms of speed, features, and compatibility

  • By 2000, IE had emerged as the dominant browser, due in large part to its integration with the Windows operating system. 

  • This monotony was broken in 2004 the emergence of Mozilla Firefox. 

  • Developed by a community of volunteers and based on open-source principles.

  • Firefox introduced ground-breaking new features like tabbed browsing and pop-up blocking, and also allowed users to ‘extend’ their personal browsers with add-ons

  • In 2008, Google launched Chrome, which swiftly gained in popularity for its speed and minimalist design. 

  • Chrome’s success also revitalised the browser market and encouraged innovation across the board. 

  • Other browsers, like Mozilla Firefox, Apple’s Safari, and Microsoft Edge also evolved, providing users with a range of choices tailored to their preferences. 



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Web Browsers UPSC NOTE
Web Browsers UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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