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Sagar Island UPSC NOTE

 Why in News

  • Rising sea level and erosion of the beach in front of the Kapil Muni temple on Sagar Island are turning out to be a damper on the Ganga Sagar Mela as the West Bengal government is desperately seeking a “national fair” status for the annual religious congregation.

Sagar Island – Basic details

  • Sagar Island is an island in the Ganges delta, lying on the continental shelf of Bay of Bengal about 100 km (54 nautical miles) south of Kolkata.

  •  It is part of the South 24 Parganas district in West Bengal.

  • The island covers an area of approximately 450 square kilometers (174 square miles).

  • As per the 2011 census, the island has a population of around 85,000 people. 

  • Sagar Island is a popular tourist destination, known for its beautiful beaches, mangrove forests, and rich birdlife.

  • The island is also a Hindu pilgrimage site, particularly during the Makar Sankranti festival when hundreds of thousands of pilgrims gather to take a holy dip at the confluence of the Ganges River and the Bay of Bengal.

  • The island is home to the Kapil Muni Temple, a Hindu temple dedicated to the sage Kapila.

  • The Indian government is planning to construct a bridge to connect Sagar Island to the mainland.

  • The island is also home to a number of endangered species, including the Irrawaddy dolphin and the saltwater crocodile.

What is Tetrapods and why installed

  • The State government has put up tetrapods — a form of wave-dissipating concrete block to arrest erosion along the Ganga Sagar beach. 

  • The Irrigation Minister said that the impact of tetrapods in arresting sea erosion would be known only after the monsoon.

  • Speaking about the tidal surges and fast-changing landscape of the Sunderbans, Mr. Bhowmick said a char land (land formed because of sediment deposition in the river) had formed

near the Sagar Island, which the local people had not even thought of.

  • The West Bengal government has spent about ₹25 crore on dredging the island. 

  • This is about 10% of the estimated budget of the Ganga Sagar Mela which is pegged at ₹250 crore.


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