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Stockholm International Peace Research Institute UPSC NOTE

 SIPRI on global arms imports and exports

  • The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) serves as a leading resource for information and analysis on global arms transfers

Global Arms Trade:

  • SIPRI maintains a comprehensive Arms Transfers 

  • Transfers containing details on international arms transfers.

  • While global arms transfers have slightly decreased in recent years (3.3% between 2014-18 and 2019-23), regional variations exist.

Shifting Landscape:

  • Surge in European Imports: SIPRI reports a near doubling of European arms imports between 2013-17 and 2018-22, attributed to rising tensions with Russia.

  • US Dominance: The United States remains the largest arms exporter globally, with its share increasing to 40% in 2018-22.

  • Russia's Decline: Russia's arms exports have significantly decreased (by 31% between 2013-17 and 2018-22), with France becoming the second-largest exporter.

Additional Insights:

  • SIPRI actively researches arms transfers to specific regions, analyzing the impact and potential destabilization caused by such transfers.

  • They advocate for implementing stricter export control regulations and promoting disarmament efforts.

India’s rank – global trend

  • India was the top arms importer in the world in the period 2019-23.

  • With imports having gone up by 4.7% compared with the period 2014-18.

  • At the same time, arms imports by European countries increased by 94% between 2014-18 and 2019-23.

  • Although Russia remained India’s main arms supplier [accounting for 36% of its arms imports].

  • This was the first five-year period since 1960-64 when deliveries from Russia [or the Soviet Union prior to 1991].

  • Nine of the 10 biggest arms importers in 2019-23, including the top three of India, Saudi Arabia and Qatar, were in Asia and Oceania or the West Asia. 

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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute UPSC NOTE
Stockholm International Peace Research Institute UPSC NOTE
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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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