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God Particle UPSC NOTE

 Why in news

  • Nobel prize-winning physicist Peter Higgs, who proposed the existence of the so-called “God particle.

  • That helped explain how matter formed after the Big Bang, has died at age 94.

  • Mr. Higgs predicted the existence of a new particle the so-called Higgs boson  in 1964

  • But it would be almost 50 years before the particle’s existence could be confirmed at the Large Hadron Collider.

What is God particle?

  • The God particle, though a popular term, is actually the nickname for a scientific discovery: the Higgs boson.

  • Function: It's an elementary particle, theorized in the 1960s, that helps explain why other fundamental particles have mass.

  • Mechanism: The Higgs boson is linked to the Higgs field, an invisible energy field that permeates space

  • Particles interact with this field, and those interactions give them mass. 

  • Discovery: Scientists at CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) announced the discovery of a particle consistent with the Higgs boson in 2012. 

  • This was a major breakthrough in our understanding of the universe.

  • The nickname “God Particle” originated from a 1993 book by physicist Leon Lederman titled "The God Particle". It was intended to reflect the particle's importance in physics.

  • But the name is not favored by many scientists as it has religious connotations.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: God Particle UPSC NOTE
God Particle UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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