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Najafgarh UPSC NOTE

 Why in news

  • South-west Delhi’s Najafgarh recorded the highest temperature in the country — 47.4 degrees Celsius — amid the brutal heatwave that swept north-west India.

  • An orange alert has been issued as conditions are expected to worsen, with the severe heat wave predicted to continue for the next five days, said an IMD official.


  • Najafgarh is a town in the South West Delhi district of National Capital Territory of Delhi, India. 

  • It is one of the three subdivisions of the Southwest Delhi district.

  • Najafgarh is located in south western part of Delhi sharing its territory with Gurgaon and Bahadurgarh, Haryana.

  • Before the foundation of modern Najafgarh, the site was occupied by the town of Mas'udabad

  • Najafgarh was named after Mirza Najaf Khan (1723–1782) the commander-in-chief of the Mughal Army under the Emperor Shah Alam II.

  • He marched several kilometres from the capital of Shahjahanabad to establish a military outpost, which would guard Delhi against attacks by British, Rohillas and Sikhs

  • He built a strong fort, in the suburbs beyond the capital city, and settled a small number of the Mughal here. 

  • That fort was later named Najafgarh

  • During the Indian Rebellion of 1857, and as a part of the Siege of Delhi, the Battle of Najafgarh took place on 25 August 1857 between Indian rebels and East India Company soldiers

  • Najafgarh Drain, the continuation of the Sahibi River and an elongation of the Najafgarh Lake is the Indian capital's most polluted body of water due to the direct inflow of untreated sewage from surrounding populated areas



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Najafgarh UPSC NOTE
Najafgarh UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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