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Coal Mining UPSC NOTE

 Coal Mining

  • Coal mining is the extraction of coal deposits from the surface of Earth and from underground

  • India has the 5th largest coal reserve in the world. 

  • It is recognized as a leading energy source in India for many decades and contributes to nearly 55% of India’s energy requirement

  • Right from its genesis, commercial coal mining in modern times in India has been dictated by domestic consumption needs

Associated health issues

  • Prolonged exposure to pollutants from coal mining has resulted in widespread respiratory and skin diseases among mine workers and other inhabitants of six districts in India where coal extraction is a major occupation, says a survey of 1,200 households published by the National Foundation for India, an organisation that works on social justice issues.

  • The six districts are Koriya and Raigarh (Chhattisgarh), Dhanbad and Ramgarh (Jharkhand), and Angul and Jajpur (Odisha).

  • At least 65% of the participants interviewed reported health issues such as chronic bronchitis, asthma, and skin ailments such as eczema, dermatitis and fungal infections

India's transition to renewable energy

  • While India has committed to source nearly 500 GW of electricity — nearly half its projected installed capacity for 2030 — from renewable energy sources, coal is expected to be the mainstay of power generation in India for decades.

  • Nearly half of India’s installed power generation capacity, or about 205 GW, are coal-powered thermal plants.

  • Change, however, is in the air as renewable energy accounted for 71.5% of the record 13.6 GW power generation capacity added by India for the first time in the January-March quarter this year, while coal’s share, including lignite, of the total power capacity dropped below 50% for the first time since the 1960s



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Coal Mining UPSC NOTE
Coal Mining UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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