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Delhi’s water crisis UPSC NOTE

 The Problem:

  • Delhi faces an acute water shortage amidst a scorching heatwave.

  • Residents are facing water cuts, forcing them to go without water for days.

Reasons for Shortage:

  • Delhi relies heavily on neighboring states (Haryana, Himachal Pradesh) for water.

  • Delhi government blames Haryana for blocking water flow through the Munak Canal.

  • L-G office claims leakage in canals, dirty pipelines, and private water tankers worsen the issue.

Actions Taken:

  • Delhi government approached the Supreme Court seeking more water from Haryana.

  • Supreme Court directed the Central government to hold an emergency meeting with involved states.

  • Himachal Pradesh initially agreed to share water but later retracted the statement.

  • Supreme Court refrained from interfering and directed the Upper Yamuna River Board (UYRB) to address the issue.

Supreme Court's Stance:

  • The Supreme Court decided not to interfere with the Upper Yamuna River Board (UYRB) proceedings.

  • The Bench, led by Justice P.K. Mishra, emphasized that the issue should be resolved by the UYRB as per the MoU of May 12, 1994.

  • The UYRB was directed to hold a meeting with stakeholders to address the matter.

  • Delhi MLAs have written to Jal Shakti Minister C.R. Patil for assistance on humanitarian grounds.

What is Next for Delhi?

Focus Beyond Politics:

  • Rajendra Singh, a water conservationist known as the 'Waterman of India,' suggests that both the Centre and the State government need to prioritize drinking water.

Three Solutions:

  • Prioritize Drinking Water: Redirect water used for irrigation and other purposes to drinking water.

  • Retreat, Recycle, Reuse: Thoroughly re-examine water resources and implement recycling and reusing principles.

  • Improve Water Harvesting: Develop water harvesting methods, especially in the Asola Bhatti mines and the Aravalli belt, to recharge groundwater and prevent wastage.

Modeling Sustainable Water Management:

  • Develop successful models for Water Treatment Plants (WTPs) to sustain Delhi's water needs.

  • Transform the Aravalli belt into a water sanctuary and the Yamuna floodplain banks into a water bank.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Delhi’s water crisis UPSC NOTE
Delhi’s water crisis UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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