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Maharashtra's water crisis UPSC NOTE

 Tackling Maharashtra's water crisis

  • The Department of Environment and Climate Change, Government of Maharashtra along with India Climate Collaborative, WOTR Centre for Resilience Studies (W-CReS) and Watershed Organisation Trust (WOTR) have together released a detailed report on ways to secure water using natural ecosystem management to tackle Maharashtra’s water crisis.

  • The report highlights three critical water systems 

    • riverine systems, smaller working units within larger river basins; 

    • rainfed/groundwater-dependent systems, the areas with predominantly rainfed agriculture, supplemented by seasonal irrigation from wells and borewells and 

    • command/canal irrigation systems that carries water from dams for irrigation


  • To address all challenges, healthy natural ecosystems are the first step to ensuring long-term access to water, which underpins the wellness of human society. 

  • Benefit sharing, local governance, and sustainable incomes for people are central to maintaining water interventions in the long-term

  • Additionally, build resilience to climate risks

  • This led to the selection of an ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) approach, which can address all priorities if implemented effectively. 

  • The focus of EbA is on ecosystem restoration and enhancement of ecosystem services to protect society against negative impacts of climate change.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Maharashtra's water crisis UPSC NOTE
Maharashtra's water crisis UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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